Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an anxiety disorder that causes persons to have a distorted view how they look and to spend a lot of time worrying about their appearance.
It is a disturbance of perception about the body or parts of the body and about the weight even though the real weight and size.
All of these subjective misperception lead to inadequate behavior or develop compulsive behaviors and routins and in extreme case lead to lethal actions.
BDD is closely related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) or co-exists with eating disorders.
The main characteristic is that people with BDD see themselves differently compering to how they see them.
BDD can vary from person-to-person but it is always related to the body image.
Symptoms or signs of BDD:
- frequent thought about appearance
- spending a lot of time staring in a mirror
- or avoiding mirrors and reflective surfaces
- skin picking (compulsive)
- concerning / seeing a certain part of the body too big or too small
- covering up the affected area
- frequent appointments with medical / cosmetic doctors or repeated plastic surgery
Emotional symptoms of BDD:
- anxiety, depression
- low self-esteem
- isolation – avoiding social situation
- keeping obsessions secret due to the feeling of shame
- and feelings of disgust.